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Ingress Protection (IP) Testing helps to determine a product’s susceptibility to solid particle (including dust) ingress and liquid (water) ingress. Within the IEC 60529 standard there is an international classification system to test the sealing effectiveness of enclosures of electrical equipment against the intrusion of solid particles and liquid. Ingress protection testing assesses the degree to which products/enclosures protect the inner working parts against water, dust, and solids.

IP testing is critical for a wide range of applications from cell phone cases and aerospace electronics to high-voltage transformers. The IP ratings, which are outlined by the international ingress protection testing standard IEC 60529, depend of the target use and are identified as ‘IP XY’ where the first digit (‘X’, from 1-6) indicates the level of protection against Solids and Dust while the second digit (‘Y’, from 1-8) indicates the level of protection against Water

How is IP Rating denoted?
IP – IP is the Code letters
X – First Characteristics numeral – Dust Protection (numerals 0-6 or latter X)
X – Second Characteristics numeral – Water Protection (numeral 0-8 or latter X)

Why Ingress Protection Testing (IP testing) is required?

To assess the protection of the equipment against ingress of solid bodies and/or liquids such as sand, dust, and water. Classification system for Ingress Progress rating, solid objects and liquids.

What products require Ingress Protection (IP) Testing:
Products that require IP testing include computers, laboratory equipment, certain medical devices, light fixtures as well as products that must remain dust-free or moisture-resistant. Items that are sealed and will likely be placed in hazardous places also need IP ratings.

In certain cases, IP testing is voluntary, but sellers often ask manufacturers for an IP rating before placing a product in inventory. For example, a hardware store might demand that all outdoor lights it sells come with an IP rating against ingress from moisture. The hardware store doesn’t want to get a lot of returned merchandise or be liable in case of some accident that occurs because of a failure of the product. In a case like this, it’s incumbent on the manufacturer to meet the seller’s standards.

Some other typical products that need ingress protection include components in automotive and military applications. In these cases, water pressure testing is crucial because water can foul the system. Water is often used for cleaning, however, so the product must be resistant to water potentially entering sensitive components.

Water spray testing can help ensure gaskets that cover seals in these systems are well-fitted. It’s also important to consider spray testing can involve water dispensed at high-velocity, which presents its own challenges.

Sometimes water can work its way past even a well-sealed gasket. Ensuring the gasket includes a shield that blocks water spray can be important in maintaining the serviceability of a gasket in these conditions. Other common items that require ingress protection testing include electrical sockets, cell phones, refrigerators (particularly their electric motors) and wrist watches.

Why Choose CDG for Ingress Protection Testing (IP testing):

Right Technical Support at Right Time
Improved Customer Support Team
Standardized Operating Procedures
Right time Delivery of Test Report
Free of cost Online Witness Testing
Optimized Cost per Project

Our Accreditation

CDG is an ISO 17025 accredited (through ILAC accreditation channel) laboratory, approved for conducting ingress protection test.